Rhinitis, sinusitis and polyps

Rhinitis, sinusitis and nasal polyps generate discomfort and health problems. At our Rhinology Clinic we know how to identify the origin of the problem and apply appropriate treatment in each case.

Rhinitis is the inflammation of the nasal mucosa and turbinates. The turbinates are a thickening of the lining used to heat the air and modulate resistance to the passage of air. Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinus mucosa. When a person suffers both sinusitis and rhinitis we call this rinosinusitis.

The nasal polyps are an exaggerated manifestation of rhinitis or sinusitis, or both.

  1. Do you have any of these symptoms?

    You may have rhinitis, sinusitis or nasal polyps if :

    • your nose is often blocked
    • you sneeze frequently and without apparent cause
    • you have itchy nasal mucosa
    • you have frequent episodes of congestion, nasal drip (runny nose) or mucous
    • you often have a cold and headache
    • you have pharyngeal dryness, cough or ocular symptoms
    • you have trouble sleeping
    • you suffer from disorders of smell or taste
    • you have persistent fever that does not respond to usual treatment
    • you notice changes in your character after suffering any of these symptoms

    Because these symptoms resemble those of a cold or an allergic process, many people do not pay attention to them. It is important to consult a doctor so that the causes of the symptoms can be found and the most appropriate treatment can be defined.

  2. What are the consequences of rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps?

    If not treated properly, rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps generate social and health problems that can become serious.

    • Decreased quality of life

    Rhinitis, sinusitis and nasal polyps significantly affect people’s lives, causing:

    • recurrent infections
    • malaise : fatigue, fatigue, irritability and mood swings .
    • problems of smell and taste
    • decreased academic performance and / or work performance suffers
    • nasal obstruction
    • headaches
    • increased absenteeism from work or study
    • Cranial complications

    A sinus infection can cause infection in some cerebral veins (thrombophlebitis) and skull bones (osteomyelitis).

    It can also cause brain abscesses, meningitis, subdural emphysema, thrombosis of the cavernous sinus and lateral sinus thrombosis.

  3. What causes rhinitis, sinusitis and nasal polyps?

    The causes of rhinitis, sinusitis and nasal polyps are multiple:

    • allergy pollutants or allergens (dust mites, pets and pollen)
    • virus infections (common cold) and bacteria. More rarely, also fungal infections and parasites or infectious diseases such as syphilis and tuberculosis.
    • deviation of the nasal septum or other anatomical abnormalities
    • irritation due to intense odors (perfumes, solvents, bleach, chemicals, etc.), irritants (tobacco smoke, dust, pollution) or to changes in temperature and humidity or light stimuli, among others.
    • Hormonal changes: these are common in pregnancy, there may also be cases in puberty, and in hyperthyroidism and acromegaly.
    • Stress and emotional changes
    • use of certain drugs: (reserpine, guanetidine, methyldopa, antidepressants, beta-blockers, chlorpromazine, contraceptives, aspirine and NSAIDs)
    • topical nasal descongestant abuse can cause nasal obstruction
    • aging: age, and physiological changes of the nasal mucosa in rhinitis can result in a chronic problem
    • genetics

    A patient may present one or more causes.

  4. What can we do for you?

    We carefully diagnose your problem and find the best solution.

    As the same symptoms can have many causes, it is important to distinguish the exact condition in each case. To achieve an accurate diagnosis, we study your case in great detail and carry out the most suitable tests for you.

    We will study your case globally. At our Rhinology Clinic we follow a protocol that includes different medical specialists (otolaryngology, pulmonology and allergology) in order to have a complete study of the entire airway problem .

    Once we have made a clear diagnosis, we will consider the most appropriate treatment for you. The solution may involve:

      • treatment of all causes of the symptoms
      • drug treatment according to the patient’s symptoms
      • behaviour change:
        • avoiding alcohol and / or tobacco
        • avoiding the allergen causing rhinitis or sinusitis
        • reducing stress
      • specific immunotherapy (vaccines)
      • surgery
      • complementary therapies: diet and homeopathic treatment; acupuncture; treatment of balancing emotions
      • workshops and special programs

Contact us. We will answer your queries with pleasure.

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