Disorders of smell and taste

Disorders of smell and taste can affect our lives. At our Rhinology Clinic we know how to treat these disorders.

Disorders of smell and taste make a great impact on the social life of those who suffer . There are different types of sensory disorders :

  • alterations or reduction of smell ( hyposmia )
  • reduced ability to taste sweet substances, sour, bitter or salty ( hypoageusia )
  • total loss of smell ( anosmia ) and / or taste ( ageusia )
  1. Do you recognize any of these symptoms?

    It is important to go to the doctor if :

    • you do not perceive odors that others do notice
    • you notice smells that others do not notice
    • you consistently perceive one predominant odor
    • you perceive certain smells only faintly
    • you do not notice the taste of certain foods

    Because disorders of smell and taste are rarely a threat to people’s lives, they are often not given proper medical attention. However, it could mask a serious illness, or even cause job loss or a fatal accident.

  2. What are the consequences of disturbances of smell and taste?

    An alteration in taste or smell diminishes the quality of life at different levels and can have serious consequences . A partial or total loss of smell can result in :

    • a decreased ability to detect danger ( gas leaks, fires, spoiled food, toxic gases, etc.).
    • sadness, depression, anxiety, obsessions
    • reduced hunger and poor nutrition in the long term
    • decreased sexual stimulation
    • a loss of ability to recall memories and emotions experienced
    • social problems due to body odor
    • an exaggerated concern for hygiene standard ( insecure and hobbies )
    • decreased employment opportunities of certain groups: chefs, winemakers, sommeliers, firefighters, etc.
  3. What causes disturbances of smell and taste?

    The most common cause of disturbances of smell and taste are allergic processes and the common cold, either viral or bacterial.

    Other causes are:

    • deviation of the nasal septum, tumors, or nasal trauma
    • infections caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi
    • neurological problems ( brain tumor, Alzheimer’s or Parkinson )
    • hormonal changes typical of menopause, menstruation or pregnancy
    • psychological and psychiatric problems : schizophrenia, bipolar disorder
    • the use of some medications such as nasal sprays or oral contraceptives
    • consumption of toxic substances : tobacco, alcohol, cocaine, inhalants, pollution, abuse of perfumes
    • exposure to chemicals ( hydrocyanic acid ) as solvents or pesticides, fumes, dust, smoke
    • aging
    • immune disorders, metabolic or endocrine
    • after surgery
    • radiotherapy
  4. What can we do for you?

    We carefully study the causes of the alteration of smell and taste and look for the best solution.

    The clinical history and physical examination are essential for a correct diagnosis. When necessary, we conduct additional examinations such as olfactometry, gustometry, CT, MRI, X-ray and complete neurological examinations .

    We will consider the most appropriate treatment for you.

    Depending on the diagnosis, the solution may involve :

If you have any questions, please contact us. We will answer your queries with pleasure .

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